Las consultas por posible intoxicación han descendido entre y ( frente a , Los álcalis-cáusticos constituyen la IPH más frecuente, aunque su número se ha reducido (48 en y 18 en ). Urgencias de pediatría. Introdução: A ingestão de substâncias cáusticas, voluntária ou acidental, pode resultar em lesões graves do Mencías E. Intoxicación por cáusticos. Protocolos de gastrenterologia de a Asociación Española de Pediatria 01/ 04/ pediatras en formación y su presencia en el Congreso de. Salamanca salvo en los casos de intoxicación digitálica, por lo que no precisan.

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Zargar S, et al.

Reconsidering the diagnosis and treatment of patients following ingestion of liquid lye. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; A brief commentary is given on the treatment of paracetamol poisoning, above all in children under seven years of age, and the ingestion of caustic substances.

Hospital procedure concerning the poisoned child involves a first phase of life support and stabilization measures, followed by identification of the toxin and measures of detoxification where necessary. Gastrointestinal endoscopy ; 41 3: Kochnar R, et al.

Shaffer R, et al. J Clin Gastroenterol ; The clinical features of caustic ingestion vary widely and may not correlate with the severity of injury. Santos 1E. What is the utility of selected clinical and endoscopic parameters in predicting the risc of death after caustic ingestion? Review of epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical manifestations, evaluation and therapy of caustic lesions and establishment of a protocol.


Ingestion of Caustic Substances by Adults. Still a major surgical dilemma. Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal. Anales Sis San Navarra [online]. Gastroenterol Clin North Am ; 4: Poisonings; Treatment; Children; Household cleaning products; Methaemoglobinaemia.

Corrosive Ingestion in Adults. Freitas 2J.

With respect to its epidemiology, the first cause of pediatric poisoning are medicines, with paracetamol outstanding as the most frequent cause of poisoning.

The role of fiberoptic endoscopy in the management of corrosive ingestion and modified endoscopic classification of burns.


In the second pkr in order of frequency we find products of household use, although their importance in pediatric toxicology rests basically on the fact that some of these products, such as cosmetics, can result in accidental ingestion, almost exclusively involving children. For an adequate evaluation and treatment of these patients, it would be helpful to have recommended protocols. Nunes A, et al. Long term intoxicacuon of endoscopic dilatation for treatment of corrosive oesophageal strictures.

Treatment of caustic ingestion: Outcome and Prognostic Value of early upper endoscopy. Update on caustic ingestion; How therapy has changed. Hepatogastroenterology ; 51 Como citar este epdiatria. Poisonings during childhood account for 0. Risk factors for stricture development after caustic ingestion. Voluntary or accidental caustic rn can result in serious injury of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Byrne F et al. Corrosive injury to upper gastrointestinal tract: The results of caustic ingestions.


Anales Sis San Navarra ; 26 1: Ingestion of strong corrosive alkalis: Pires 1L. Intralesional steroids augment the effects of endoscopic dilation in corrosive esophageal strictures.

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Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology ; 37 2: Ertekin C, et al. World Journal of Gastroenterology ;12 Given the broad scope of the issue and the impossibility of covering all of pediatric toxicology, this article describes its epidemiology in our milieu and some considerations are made with respect to dealing with the most frequent or characteristic poisonings involving children.

Foreign bodies, bezoars, and caustic ingestion. Am J Therap ; Dis Esoph ; Como citar este artigo. Caustic Injury to the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract.

Sleisenger and Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. Zargar A, et al.

Ingestion of Acid and Alkaline Agents: Keh S, et al. Management of these patients is controversial as far as the best endoscopic and intensive care approach. Poisoning by household products including soap, detergents, cosmetics, hydrocarbon products, anilines, naphtaline, and hydrogen peroxide is reviwed.